Bare Takes Steel Block Bandit Checkers; Maxey, Childress, Adkins repeat as winners

Jamaica, VA – It had been a while since his last visit to Bill Sawyer’s Virginia Motor Speedway but Booper Bare of Rockbridge Baths, VA still knew how to get around the ½ mile speedplant in Jamaica, VA. A strong field of 44 cars showed up for the second visit by the Steel Block Bandits to Bill Sawyer’s Virginia Motor Speedway for the $3000 to win Firecracker 30. In what was a cautioned filled 30 event, Bare used his knowledge of the speedway to work the high side to perfection and get his first series win of 2011. Bare started on the outside of the front row. It didn’t take long before he was in the lead and setting the pace. Bare took over the top spot with a power move to the outside of Scott Adams out of turn 2 on lap 4. Once out front Bare showed his old VMS Championship form. Over the final 25 laps Bare had to endure multiple cautions that allowed several competitors to take shots at the lead. On multiple occasions Kyle Lear made attempts to get inside Bare only to be turned away each time. Lear tried several times over the final three laps to get inside Bare for the lead but Bare was too strong and would hold on to take the $3000 top prize in the Firecracker 30. “It feels really good to be back here in victory lane, this team worked extremely hard to fix the problems we were having with this car earlier today, if not for my crew I would not be standing here tonight,” commented bare in victory lane. Rounding out the top five were Derick Quade, Rick Hulson, Scott Adams and Andy Fries. In other action Brian Maxey of king George, VA picked up his fourth win of the season in the Budweiser Modifieds; Stephen Childress of St. Stephens Church, VA cruised to his second eature win in the truckin Thunder Sportman and in the Collision One Limited Stock Car feature Brett Adkins made it two in a row as well as setting a new division track record. In the Budweiser Modified 25 lap feature Tony Quade and Page Harrison led the field to green with Harrison taking the point and leading the first lap. Behind Harrison the battle began to heat up between Quade and Brian Maxey. Maxey would take over the spot with Brandon Galloway and Dan Arnold working their way into third and fourth. The action for the top spot would heat up as Maxey began pressuring Harrison for the top spot. Several cautions closed the field on Harrison, each time he was up to the challenge and kept Maxey at bay. On lap 23 the door opened for Maxey when Harrison hit a rut in turn 2 allowing Maxey to get inside for the lead. Harrison could not recover to retake the top spot and Maxey would go on to record his fourth win of the season followed to the checkers by Harrison, Dan Arnold, Tony Quade and Travis LaRoque. In the Truckin Thunder Sportsman 25 lap feature Junior Carter and Tony Wood led the field to green with Wood taking the top spot. On lap 3 Stephen Childress made it three wide out of turn 2 splitting both Carter and Wood to take over the top spot. Once out front Childress put it on cruise control going on to take his second win of 2011. Following Childress to the checkers were Roger Jamerson, John Kirby, Junior Carter and Wayne Carroll. In the Collision One Limited Stock 20 lap feature it was Brandon Coates and Wesley Givens led the field to green with Givens leading the first lap followed by his father James Givens and sixth starting Brett Adkins in tow. On the next lap Adkins rocketed around Givens out of turn 2 to take over the lead. Once out in front Adkins put it on cruise control as they battled for second behind him. The two Givens and Joe Ender put on a show for the fans on hand as Adkins pulled away. No one had anything for Adkins as he cruised to his second win in a row followed by Joe Ender, James Givens, Wesley Givens and Brandon Coates rounding out the top 5. Bill Sawyer’s Virginia Motor Speedway will take the weekend of July 16th off in preparation the inaugural visit by the Ultimate Super Late Model Series for the $10,000 to win Summer Heat 50. ULTIMATE teams have been buzzing with discussion about this upcoming event. New championship leader Chip Brindle, riding the momentum of his Independence Shootout win at Cherokee Speedway, is just one of the many drivers who have this event circled as a must on their schedule. “The Georgia Bandit” Casey Roberts will be looking to rebound after a rare DNF in the Independence Shootout. Chris “Fergy Time” Ferguson, Ricky Weeks, Daniel Baggerly, Ross Bailes and “Kid Quick” Zack Mitchell are just a few of the drivers who will head north to battle for the $10,000 winner’s check and a total purse exceeding $35,000. The driver’s from the South will have their hands full with a tough contingent of Mid-Atlantic hot-shoes. This is sure to turn into an epic North versus South event. The night’s activities will also include the Victory Lap Late Model, Truckin Thunder Sportsman, Budweiser Modified and the Collision One Limited Stock Car divisions in Virginia Army National Guard Dirt Series action. Competitor gates for Saturday, July 23rd will open at 3pm with spectator gates opening at 4pm. On track activities will begin at 6pm with hot laps. Divisions scheduled to race on Saturday July 23rd: Ultimate Super Late Models (50 Laps); Victory Lap Late Models (35 Laps); Truckin Thunder Sportsman (25 Laps); Budweiser Modifieds (25 Laps); and the Collision One Limited Stock Cars (20 laps). Ultimate Super Late Model Series will run qualifying, heats, B Main(s) and Feature. All track divisions will run Hot Lap Time Trials and Features. Admission price for Adults $20, seniors (60+) $15; military $15, students 13 – 17 years old $8, children 7 – 12 years old $4 and children 6 and under admitted free. Pit passes for this special event will be $25. To enhance the fans racing experience the speedway has installed a short wave FM transmitter and all of the evening’s action can be heard at 95.5 FM. So bring your portable radio headset and enjoy hearing all the action. Don’t forget to become a Fan on Facebook at www.facebook.com/vamotorspeedway and follow us on Twitter at www.twitter.com/vamotorspeedway. Bill Sawyer’s Virginia Motor Speedway, an ASA Member Track, is a ½ mile dirt oval track is located on U.S. Route 17, eight miles north of Saluda, VA and 25 miles south of Tappahannock, VA in Jamaica, VA. The speedway is just a short drive from Richmond, Fredericksburg, Southern Maryland and the Hampton Roads area. To learn more about Bill Sawyer’s Virginia Motor Speedway fans may call the Speedway office at (804) 758-1VMS or visit the track’s web site at www.vamotorspeedway.com. MEDIA CONTACT: DAVE SEAY (804) 758-1867 OR (804) 357-7223 RACE RESULTS FOR FIRECRACKER 30 / WIX FILTERS 100 NIGHTS OF RACING, SATURDAY JULY 9, 2011: STEEL BLOCK BANDITS FIRECRACKER 30 LAP FEATURE (44 Entries): A Main:1. Booper Bare (Rockbridge Baths, VA), 2. Derick Quade (Mechanicsville, MD), 3. Rick Hulson (Glen Bernie, MD), 4. Scott Adams (Chester, VA), 5. Andy Fries (Mercersburg, PA), 6. Matt Howsare (Clearville, PA), 7. Stevie Long (Mechanicsville, MD), 8. Kyle Merkel (Gilbertsville, PA), 9. Davis Lipscombe (Mechanicsville, VA), 10. DJ Troutman (Hynman, PA), 11. Rick Singleton (Huntington, PA), 12. Walker Arthur (Forest, VA), 13. Sean Merkel (Pottstown, PA), 14. Matt Cosner (Cumberland, MD), 15. Kenny Moreland (Waldorf, MD), 16. Ed Pope (Pasadena, MD), 17. Wes Bonebrake (Hagerstown, MD), 18. David Williams (Avenue, MD), 19. Matt Marshall (Stuarts Draft, VA), 20. Tom Cohick (Gloucester, VA), 21. Bruce Kane (Glen Burnie, MD), 22. David Puckett (King George, VA), 23. Ryan Hackett (LaPlata, MD), 24. Tim Shelton (Fredericksburg, VA), 25. Don Woodruff (Bunker Hill, WV), 26. kyle Lear (Severna Park, MD), B Main:1. Bruce Kane (Glen Burnie, MD), 2. Matt Cosner (Cumberland, MD), 3. Walker Arthur (Forest, VA), 4. Wes Bonebrake (Hagerstown, MD), 5. Ed Pope (Pasadena, MD), 6. Rick Singleton (Huntington, PA), 7. Eddie Groome (Stuarts Draft, VA), 8. Sean Merkel (Pottstown, PA), 9. Billy Tucker (King George, VA), 10. Tim Shelton (Fredericksburg, VA), 11. Louie Littlepage (Mechanicsvillee, VA), 12. Brandon Long (Mechanicsville, MD), 13. Brandon Atkinson ( , NC), 14. Andy Gregg (Portsmouth, VA), 15. Scott Davis (Virginia Beach, VA), 16. Mitch Miller (Winchester, VA), 17. Buddy Isles Jr. (Littleton, NC), 18. Brad Rigdon (Chesapeake, VA), 19. J.R. Overstreet (Lynchburg, VA), 20. Kenny Moreland (Waldorf, MD), 21. R.E. Cubbage (Waynesboro, VA), 22. Don Woodruff (Bunker Hill, WV), 23. Matt Morgan (Hughesville, MD), 24. William Pritchard (Elizabeth City, NC), 25. Alan Anderson (Norfolk, VA), 26. Anthony Kincaid (Hayes, VA), 27. Glenn Elliott (Sykesville, MD), 28. Matt Quade (Mechanicsville, MD), Heat Races 1:1. Kyle Lear (Severna Park, MD), 2. Derick Quade (Mechanicsville, MD), 3. Andy Fries (Mercersburg, PA), 4. Stevie Long (Mechanicsville, MD), 5. Wes Bonebrake (Hagerstown, MD), 6. Ed Pope (Pasadena, MD), 7. Matt Morgan (Hughesville, MD), 8. Louie Littlepage (Mechanicsvillee, VA), 9. Scott Davis (Virginia Beach, VA), 10. R.E. Cubbage (Waynesboro, VA), 11. Alan Anderson (Norfolk, VA), Heat Races 2:1. Booper Bare (Rockbridge Baths, VA), 2. Rick Hulson (Glen Bernie, MD), 3. Kyle Merkel (Gilbertsville, PA), 4. Ryan Hackett (LaPlata, MD), 5. Matt Cosner (Cumberland, MD), 6. Rick Singleton (Huntington, PA), 7. Billy Tucker (King George, VA), 8. Kenny Moreland (Waldorf, MD), 9. Andy Gregg (Portsmouth, VA), 10. Don Woodruff (Bunker Hill, WV), 11. Matt Quade (Mechanicsville, MD), Heat Races 3:1. David Williams (Avenue, MD), 2. Davis Lipscombe (Mechanicsville, VA), 3. Tom Cohick (Gloucester, VA), 4. David Puckett (King George, VA), 5. Bruce Kane (Glen Burnie, MD), 6. Buddy Isles Jr. (Littleton, NC), 7. Eddie Groome (Stuarts Draft, VA), 8. Brandon Atkinson ( , NC), 9. J.R. Overstreet (Lynchburg, VA), 10. William Pritchard (Elizabeth City, NC), 11. Anthony Kincaid (Hayes, VA), Heat Races 4:1. Scott Adams (Chester, VA), 2. Matt Howsare (Clearville, PA), 3. Matt Marshall (Stuarts Draft, VA), 4. DJ Troutman (Hynman, PA), 5. Walker Arthur (Forest, VA), 6. Sean Merkel (Pottstown, PA), 7. Brandon Long (Mechanicsville, MD), 8. Brad Rigdon (Chesapeake, VA), 9. Mitch Miller (Winchester, VA), 10. Tim Shelton (Fredericksburg, VA), 11. Glenn Elliott (Sykesville, MD), Qualifying:1. Kyle Lear (Severna Park, MD), 2. Booper Bare (Rockbridge Baths, VA), 3. David Williams (Avenue, MD), 4. Scott Adams (Chester, VA), 5. Derick Quade (Mechanicsville, MD), 6. Rick Hulson (Glen Bernie, MD), 7. Bruce Kane (Glen Burnie, MD), 8. DJ Troutman (Hynman, PA), 9. Wes Bonebrake (Hagerstown, MD), 10. Kyle Merkel (Gilbertsville, PA), 11. Davis Lipscombe (Mechanicsville, VA), 12. Tim Shelton (Fredericksburg, VA), 13. Stevie Long (Mechanicsville, MD), 14. Matt Cosner (Cumberland, MD), 15. David Puckett (King George, VA), 16. Matt Marshall (Stuarts Draft, VA), 17. Ed Pope (Pasadena, MD), 18. Ryan Hackett (LaPlata, MD), 19. Tom Cohick (Gloucester, VA), 20. Matt Howsare (Clearville, PA), 21. Andy Fries (Mercersburg, PA), 22. Rick Singleton (Huntington, PA), 23. Eddie Groome (Stuarts Draft, VA), 24. Brandon Long (Mechanicsville, MD), 25. Matt Morgan (Hughesville, MD), 26. Kenny Moreland (Waldorf, MD), 27. Buddy Isles Jr. (Littleton, NC), 28. Sean Merkel (Pottstown, PA), 29. Louie Littlepage (Mechanicsvillee, VA), 30. Billy Tucker (King George, VA), 31. J.R. Overstreet (Lynchburg, VA), 32. R.E. Cubbage (Waynesboro, VA), 33. Andy Gregg (Portsmouth, VA), 34. Brandon Atkinson ( , NC), 35. Mitch Miller (Winchester, VA), 36. Scott Davis (Virginia Beach, VA), 37. Don Woodruff (Bunker Hill, WV), 38. Brad Rigdon (Chesapeake, VA), 39. Anthony Kincaid (Hayes, VA), 40. Walker Arthur (Forest, VA), 41. William Pritchard (Elizabeth City, NC), 42. Alan Anderson (Norfolk, VA), 43. Matt Quade (Mechanicsville, MD), 44. Glenn Elliott (Sykesville, MD), FAST TIME: Kyle Lear – 18.441 seconds, 97.609mph TRUCKIN THUNDER SPORTSMAN 25 LAP FEATURE (14 Entries): A Main:1. Stephen Childress (St. Stephens Church, VA), 2. Roger Jamerson (Glen Allen, VA), 3. John Kirby (Sandston, VA), 4. Junior Carter (Mechanicsville, VA), 5. Wayne Carroll (Fredericksburg, VA), 6. Davey Pullen (New Kent, VA), 7. Bubba Holloway (Qiunton, VA), 8. Tony Wood (New Kent, VA), 9. J.R. Guy (Mechanicsville, MD), 10. Michael Hayes (Ruther Glen, VA), 11. Roy Skaggs (Highland Springs, VA), 12. Michael Roop (Stafford, VA), 13. Todd Traylor (King William, VA), DNS: Tommy Upshaw (West Point, VA), FAST TIME: Stephen Childress – 21.241 seconds, 84.742mph BUDWESIER MODIFIED 25 LAP FEATURE (21 Entries): A Main:1. Brian Maxey (King George, VA), 2. Page Harrison (Jetersville, VA), 3. Dan Arnold (Petersburg, VA), 4. Tony Quade (Leonardtown, MD), 5. Travis LaRoque (Mooresville, NC), 6. John Ferguson (Gloucester, VA), 7. Rich Marks IV (Bryans Road, MD), 8. Curtis Barricks (Chesterfield, VA), 9. Brian Dobie (Partlow, VA), 10. Brandon Galloway (Gloucester, VA), 11. Kelly Samuels (Chester, VA), 12. Neal Hudgins (Grimstead, VA), 13. David Kendall (Petersburg, VA), 14. Charlie Hubbard (Chesapeake, VA), 15. Aaron Harris (Richmond, VA), 16. James Jessee (Spotsylvania, VA), 17. Jimmy Duncan (Fredericksburg, VA), 18. Lance Grady (Maidens, VA), 19. Chris Arnold (Petersburg, VA), 20. Jacob Buie (Rockville, VA), DQ: Francis Jarrelle III (Powhatan, VA), FAST TIME: Brian Maxey – 20.029 seconds, 89.870mph COLLISION ONE LIMITED STOCK CAR 20 LAP FEATURE (17 Entries): A Main:1. Brett Adkins (Gloucester, VA), 2. Joe Ender (Glen Allen, VA), 3. James Givens (Highland Springs, VA), 4. Wesley Givens (Highland Springs, VA), 5. Brandon Coates (Tappahannock, VA), 6. Vernon Kirby (Glen Allen, VA), 7. Thomas Rose (Gloucester, VA), 8. Chad Champion (Beaverdam, VA), 9. Bryan Barkley (Hayes, VA), 10. Brandon Sandridge (New Kent, VA), 11. Ryan Hutchens (Toano, VA), 12. Raymond Harper (Gloucester, VA), 13. Ricky Douglas (Unionville, VA), 14. David Bowler (Gloucester, VA), 15. Ryan Toole (Richmond, VA), 16. Benjamin Lowry (Mechanicsville, VA), DNS: Stephen Childress (St. Stephens Church, VA), FAST TIME: Brett Adkins – 22.650 seconds, 79.470mph (New Division Track Record)...

Steel Block Bandits Ride Back Into Town this Saturday July 9th for $3000 To Win Firecracker 30

Jamaica, VA – Bill Sawyer’s Virginia Motor Speedway returns to action this Saturday July 9th to host the Steel Block Bandits in the $3000 to win Firecracker 30 as part of the WIX Filters 100 Nights of Racing. The buzz about this weekend’s event continues to get louder with talk of a record car count for the touring series second visit to the speedway. Some of the region’s top late model talent will for on hand for the Series return visit to the ½ mile speed plant in Jamaica, VA and will have to contend with a strong local contingent led by defending champion Scott Adams of Chester, VA, defending race winner Matt Marshall of Stuarts Draft, VA, Tim Shelton of Fredericksburg, VA, Davis Lipscombe of Mechanicsville, VA and rookie Kenny Moreland of Mechanicsville, MD. Making the night even more exciting will be a huge belated 4th of July fireworks extravaganza that is sure to please the whole family. The night’s activities will also include the Truckin Thunder Sportsman, Budweiser Modifieds and the Collision One Limited Stock Cars in action. Competitor gates for Saturday, July 9th will open at 3pm with spectator gates opening at 4pm. On track activities will begin at 6:30pm with hot laps. Divisions scheduled to race on Saturday July 9th: Steel Block Bandits Late Models (30 Laps); Truckin Thunder Sportsman (25 Laps); Budweiser Modifieds (25 Laps); and the Collision One Limited Stock Cars (20 laps). Steel Block Bandits will run qualifying, heats, B Main(s) and Feature. All track divisions will run Hot Lap Time Trials and Features. Admission price for Adults $15, seniors (60+) $12; military $10, students 7 – 17 years old $6 and children 6 and under admitted free. Pit passes for this special event will be $25. To enhance the fans racing experience the speedway has installed a short wave FM transmitter and all of the evening’s action can be heard at 95.5 FM. So bring your portable radio headset and enjoy hearing all the action. Don’t forget to become a Fan on Facebook at www.facebook.com/vamotorspeedway and follow us on Twitter at www.twitter.com/vamotorspeedway. Bill Sawyer’s Virginia Motor Speedway, an ASA Member Track, is a ½ mile dirt oval track is located on U.S. Route 17, eight miles north of Saluda, VA and 25 miles south of Tappahannock, VA in Jamaica, VA. The speedway is just a short drive from Richmond, Fredericksburg, Southern Maryland and the Hampton Roads area. To learn more about Bill Sawyer’s Virginia Motor Speedway fans may call the Speedway office at (804) 758-1VMS or visit the track’s web site at www.vamotorspeedway.com. MEDIA CONTACT: DAVE SEAY (804) 758-1867 OR (804) 357-7223...

ATTENTION VMS LATE MODEL COMEPTITORS

Jamaica, VA – We have had several calls about the upcoming July 9th Steel Block Bandits show in reference to points and tire rule. We will award 75 show points to each driver in attendance who enters and attempts to compete. The VMS tire compounds are legal for the Steel Block Bandit event. The SBB tire rule is Hoosier 1300 or harder and American Racer 44 or harder. Minimum durometer reading of 30 at anytime. Please see the entire Steel Block Bandits rule book at www.steelblockbadits.com....

Virginia Motor Speedway Releases 2011 Schedule

Jamaica, VA – The tentative 2011 schedule for Bill Sawyer’s Virginia Motor Speedway has been released and includes 12 weeks of Virginia Army National Guard Dirt Series action and will open with the World of Outlaws sanctioned $25,000 to win Commonwealth 100 April 15 – 16, 2010 and end with the Lucas Oil Late Model Dirt Series sanctioned $15,000 to win 32nd Annual USA 100. To see the entire 2011 schedule in its entirety click on schedule under the Events tab....

Gallery Updated with Photos from Saturday’s Steel Block Bandit Show!

Jamaica, VA – The gallery has been updated with photos from Saturday’s Revere Gas Firecracker Night presented by Aaron’s. Great shots of the Steel Block Bandits event and our three track support divisions. Thanks to Al Goulder our tack photographer. If you would like copie please contact him at (804) 586-2208....

Matt Marshall picks up career first late model victory in $2000 to win Steel Block Bandits sanctioned Firecracker 30; Jamerson, Maxey and Toole return to victory lane.

Jamaica, VA – Forty of the regions top late model drivers rode into town looking to take home the $2000 top prize in the Cline Construction Steel Block Bandits sanctioned Revere Gas Firecracker 30 presented by Aaron’s at Bill Sawyer’s Virginia Motor Speedway and it was Virginia Motor Speedway rookie Matt Marshall of Stuarts Draft, VA holding home court and picking up his career first late model victory. The win didn’t come easy as Marshall had to fend off the advances of Scott Adams for much of the first half of the race and then held off Andy Fries over the final five laps, the last time out of turn 4 coming to the checkers. It all began with six laps to go as Fries looked inside Marshall out of turn 4 with Marshall holding the lead by inches at the line. Each time in turn 2 Marshall would gain a car length and in turn 4 Fries would pull up beside him. The races final caution would come out on lap 29 setting up a one lap shootout. On the restart Marshall pulled two car lengths on Fries and the rest of the field. As the leaders headed into turn 3 Fries closed the gap and got under Marshall out of turn 4 heading to the checkers with Marshall taking the win by.100 second at the line. “This is absolutely amazing to get my first late model race in such a big event. The car worked so well, I learned a lot tonight running up on the cushion,” commented Marshall in victory lane. Rounding out the top five were Andy Fries, Sommey Lacey, Kyle Merkel and Walker Arthur. Heat race wins went to Scott Adams, Matt Marshall, Kyle Merkel and Andy Fries. B Main win went to Junior Carter. In other action Brian Maxey of King George, VA picked up his third win of the season in the Budweiser Modifieds holding off Dan Arnold on the final lap. In the Truckin Thunder Sportsman Roger Jamerson of Mechanicsville, VA dove under the spinning leaders in turn 4 to pick up the victory and in the Collision One Limited Stock Car 20 lap feature Ryan Toole held off the challenges of Joe Ender to take his second victory of the 2010 season....

Steel Block Bandits Ride Into Town This Saturday July 17th for $2000 to win Firecracker 30; Points Tight in all Divisions

Jamaica, VA – The buzz about this weekend’s Steel Block Bandits sanctioned $2000 to win Revere Gas Firecracker 30 presented by Aaron’s continues to get louder with talk of a possible fifty late models on hand for the series inaugural visit. Some of the region’s top late model talent will be on hand for the Steel Block Bandits first ever visit to the 1/2 mile speed plant in Jamaica, VA. The series regulars, which will include the speedway’s 2008 Victory Lap Late Model Champion and current Bandits point leader Walker Arthur of Forest, VA, will have a tough road ahead of them as they will have to contend with a strong local contingent of VMS locals led by Stevie Long of Mechanicsville, MD, rookie Tim Shelton of Fredericksburg, VA, Scott Adams of Chester, VA, Davis Lipscombe of Mechanicsville, VA, Tom Cohick of Gloucester, VA and Ben Bowie of Brandywine, MD. Also expected to be on hand are 2007 Victory Lap Late Model Champion Jared Powell, along with former VMS regulars Sommey Lacey and David Williams. All three have visited victory lane....

Rain Forces Postponement of Steel Block Bandits Sanctioned Firecracker 30 Till Next Saturday July 17th

Jamaica, VA – All indications were that the first ever visit by the Steel Block Bandits to the ½ mile speed plant in Jamaica, VA was going to be a home run. Over the last two weeks officials from the Bandits and Virginia Motor Speedway were hearing from a multitude of competitors that had everyone expecting 40 plus cars for the series first event at the facility. It will have to wait another week as Mother Nature had other ideas with rains soaking the grounds and with more severe storms looming officials at VMS were forced to postpone the $2000 to win Revere Gas Firecracker 30 presented by Aaron’s to next Saturday July 17th. “This event was picking up a lot of steam with both competitors and fans, we were very excited about possibilities of the first ever visit to our facility by the Steel Block Bandits, but with the rain and the forecast for more severe storms on the way we are forced to reschedule the event for next Saturday July 17th and we hope that we will still see a record car count for the Steel Block Bandits first event next weekend,” commented track General Manager Clarke Sawyer....